Useful Windows Commands

Commands for Windows XP

The command line isn’t dead! I compiled these commands from all over. Use them well.

Windows XP Recovery Console
The only 2 really useful things you can do with it are:
fixboot – might magically fix the boot record
fixmbr – might magically fix the mbr
———–

chkdsk c: /v /r /x Take a long time to look at C:\ and fix errors

compmgmt.msc  disk management in XP

net use
Find out what file shares and stuff you have open. Lots of bells and whistles on this command

bootcfg
View your boot loader settings, such as your default OS and selection timeout, as well as your boot entries and load options.

defrag
You probably already guessed that this defrags your hard drive.

diskpart
Manages your disk partitions. After you type “diskpart” into your command prompt, your prompt will become “DISKPART.” Type a question mark to get a list of possible arguments. Type exit to leave diskpart.

driverquery
Will get you a nice list of your drivers and their properties.

fsutil
This is a handy command. You can do everything from managing your hardlinks to querying the free space in a volume. Type “fsutil” into your command prompt, and you’ll see a list of options. I choose “fsinfo” from the list, so I type “fsutil fsinfo” into the prompt. Now I get even more options, but I choose drives by typing “fsutil fsinfo drives.” It’s fun, it’s easy, and you’ll get the hang of it. Explore this utility. There are a lot of cool features and hidden twists.

getmac
This gets the MAC (Media Access Control) address.

gpresult
Get the RSoP, user settings, and computer group policy settings.

helpctr
Starts the Help and Support Center.

ipseccmd
Configures Internet protocol security (IPSec) policies in the directory service or in a local or remote Registry. Ipseccmd is a command-line version of the IP Security Policies Microsoft Management Console (MMC) snap-in.

netsh
A network configuration tool. Type “netsh” to enter the tool, or “netsh /?” to learn more about it. To exit this tool, type “exit” at the “netsh>” prompt.

openfiles
Allows an administrator to display or disconnect open files in XP professional. Type “openfiles /?” for a list of possible parameters.

pagefileconfig
Displays and configures the paging file Virtual Memory settings of a system.

prncnfg
Configures or displays configuration information about a printer.

prnjobs
Pauses, resumes, cancels, and lists print jobs.

recover
This command attempts to recover readable information from a damaged disk. Type “recover” to get the syntax.

reg
The console registry tool. Get syntax help when you type “reg” into the prompt. You can export the registry, copy, restore, compare, and more.

schtasks
The administrator can schedule, run, change, or delete tasks on a local or remote machine. Type “schtasks /?” without the quotes for a list of options.

sfc
The system file checker scans protected system files and replaces the ones you (or your applications) hacked beyond repair with the real, official Microsoft versions. Type “sfc” into the command prompt to get a list of options. Sometimes this will magically fix oddly broken copmuters

shutdown
You can shut down or restart your own computer, or an administrator can shut down or restart a remote computer. Type “shutdown” into your command prompt to see a list of possible arguments.

systeminfo
Basic system configuration information, such as the system type, the processor type, your time zone, your virtual memory settings, and much more.

tasklist
Want to know what’s going on behind the scenes? Type “tasklist” into the command prompt, and get a list of current processes.

taskkill
Now that you know what’s going on behind the scenes, maybe you want to shut a few of these extraneous tasks down. That’s where taskkill comes in. Type “taskkill /?” for a quick lesson in the syntax of the command, then shut down all those random processes. I just killed my MS messenger by typing “taskkill /PID 1680.” I got the PID from running tasklist, above.

typeperf
Writes performance-counter data to the command window or to a supported log file format.

run “defrag.exe c:” as a scheduled task in Control Panel

netstat

ipconfig

services.msc

msconfig

ntbackup

nslookup

bootcfg

applications

anasil – sniffer
EtherDetect – sniffer
dsniff-1.8-win32-static – sniffer including mail password sniffer
cloneCD – CD copier

http://www.ntfs.com – all about the NTFS file system
http://www.active-undelete.com/ – recover deleted files from NTFS
http://www.file-recovery.net/ – another undelete program
http://www.partition-recovery.com/ – undelete a partition

password hacking:
– SAMInside and lots more from http://www.insidepro.com
– http://www.elcomsoft.com

http://www.insecure.org/tools.html

Recover information from physically destroyed hard drives http://www.drivesavers.com (use my Reseller Code, “DS14221” for a big discount from them)

5 Comments

  1. brian says:

    nice list will come in very handy

    thanks

    Britec

  2. pal says:

    Good job. Great List. thank you.

  3. Toni Eatros says:

    Very good list. I already some consequences where it’s hard for me to recover everything. I tried the clipboard but it’s not there. I have a question, last night I uploaded photos in facebook. But before that, I edited the pics and moved them to a folder. Unfortunately, I lost all the photos just when I started to move them. Can I still find them? Where?

  4. lee says:

    Toni, you probably “dropped” the files in the wrong place when you were dragging and dropping them. They are probably in a different folder than what you think. But it’s hard to tell from here!

  5. Jeremy says:

    Great share! I used to make use of those shortcuts before, but only a few of them are familiar with me. But do they still come in handy for Vista and Windows 7?
    -Jeremy

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